Vintage wines are made from grapes that are exclusively grown in a specific year, and they are labeled this way. A vintage wine’s character can vary yearly with subtle differences in color, palate, nose, body and development.

High-quality red table wines have flavor that improves with age if properly stored. Consequently, it’s common for wine enthusiasts and traders to save bottles of an especially good vintage wine.

Vintage wines are generally bottled in single batches so that each bottle will have a similar taste. Climate can impact the character of a wine. Different vintages from the same vineyard can vary dramatically in flavor and quality. Thus, vintage wines are individually characteristic of the vintage and serve as the producer’s flagship wine. Superior vintages, from reputable producers and regions, will often fetch much higher prices than their average counterparts. Some vintage wines, like Brunello, are only made in better-than-average years.

For consistency, non-vintage wines can be blended from more than one vintage.  This process allows wine makers to maintain a reliable market image and sales even in bad years.



Tasting wines

Wine tasting comprises sensory examination and evaluation resulting in a clarification of their effect on the drinker’s palate. Wine comprises the similar or identical chemical compounds to those found in fruits, vegetables and spices.

The sweetness is measured by the residual sugar left after fermentation. It is relative to the acidity present. For example, dry wine has only a small amount of residual sugar. Inexperience leads people to mistake fruitiness for sweetness when, in fact, the wine is very dry.

Tasters often distinguish between a specific grape’s characteristic flavor (e.g., Sangiovese, and sour cherry) and flavors resulting from other factors that come about in wine making, sometimes these factors are unintentional. The most common intentional flavors are imparted by aging in oak casks. A taste of chocolate, vanilla, or coffee doesn’t usually come from the grape.



High end wines

Rare super-premium wines are the most expensive, and outstanding vintages from the best vineyards may sell for thousands of dollars per bottle. Such wines are considered by some to be so good that the demand increases as its price rises.

There are several characteristics of highly collectible wines:

  1. The ability to stand up well over time.
  2. A period for maturity and approachability that is years in length.
  3. A professional agreement among experts that the wine has the right reputation and vintage potential.

Like any investment, proper research is essential before buying any highly collectible wine.  Unfortunately, counterfeit labels and bottles are scam encountered in famous wine auctions.


Wine and Food

Wine is both popular and important. It works with and enhances a wide range of European and Mediterranean-style Cuisine, from the most complicated to the most simple. Wine is important as a beverage and a cooking flavor agent.  Since its acidity lends balance to rich savory or sweet dishes, it is often used in Stock and braising.


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